A Brief History of Cribbage

Cribbage pic

Cribbage
Image: askaboutsports.com

A college student based in Corvallis, Oregon, Cody Gotchall plans to pursue a career in the field of mathematics. Outside of his other pursuits, Cody Gotchall spends his free time reading, listening to music, and playing cribbage.

Derived from an earlier card game called noddy, cribbage was invented in the 17th century by Sir John Suckling, a wealthy English poet, soldier, and noted card player. The popularity of cribbage spread to North America, thanks to English colonists who brought the game to the shores of New England. Cribbage was especially popular among fishermen and sailors, who needed a way to pass the time while at sea.

The game’s popularity with sailors really took off during World War II. Considered the unofficial game of Navy submariners, cribbage was played throughout the US sub fleet. Cribbage is still part of Navy tradition. A “lucky” cribbage board used on the famous USS Wahoo is kept in the Navy’s oldest active submarine. Once the sub is decommissioned, the board is passed along to the next oldest vessel in the fleet.

Although cribbage isn’t as popular as other card games, it is still enjoyed worldwide. In the United States, the American Cribbage Congress sponsors hundreds of sanctioned tournaments across the country. The organization was instrumental in making John Suckling’s birthday, February 10, the official National Cribbage Day.

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The Autobiography of Bruce Springsteen

Bruce Springsteen pic

Bruce Springsteen
Image: amazon.com

A native of Oregon, Cody Gotchall is a student at Linn-Benton Community College and an active volunteer with a local church and the American Red Cross. Away from his studies and service, Cody Gotchall enjoys listening to music, and one of his favorite musical artists is Bruce Springsteen.

Entering the music scene in 1973 with the release of his debut album, Greetings from Asbury Park, N.J., Bruce Springsteen has won multiple awards, including Grammys and Golden Globes. In 2016, President Obama presented Springsteen with the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

Known for his gift with words, especially lyrics that address social injustice issues, Springsteen recently published his autobiography, Born to Run, which bears the same name as his third LP. Springsteen dedicated seven years to writing his life history, which includes never-before-heard background stories of some of his hit songs, including Born to Run. Bruce Springsteen fans can purchase a copy of his 500-page autobiography at leading booksellers.

Basic Rules of Cribbage

 

Cribbage pic

Cribbage
Image: reference.com

As a student at Linn-Benton Community College, Cody Gotchall has enjoyed math- and science-based coursework. Cody Gotchall developed his enthusiasm for math as a youth when his father taught him cribbage as a way of engaging with arithmetic concepts.

Popular since the 17th century, cribbage challenges players to add card values to reach a total of 121 points. Scoring takes place using a wooden board that typically features four rows of 30 holes each. Players receive two pegs, which leapfrog over one another during scoring to indicate both total score and per-hand score.

Most games of cribbage are of the six-hand variety. Using a standard pack of 52 cards, a dealer gives six cards to each player, two of which the player chooses to place face down. These cards become part of the crib, which serves as an extra hand for the dealer.

Players then lay down cards one at a time and add their totals. Players must stop before their hand reaches 31 points, and the last player to lay down a card receives an extra point. Bonus point options include two points for a score of exactly 15 or for two of a kind, while six points are available for three of a kind and 12 for four of a kind.

Scoring rules also include extra points for a run, or sequence, which are worth more points the longer they become. Cards of the same suit are worth points as well, though the crib can only receive this bonus if all five cards share a suit.

A Handful of Bruce Springsteen’s Best Songs about Social Justice

Bruce Springsteen
Image: BruceSpringsteen.net

Cody Gotchall is a student at Linn-Benton Community College who has an interest in several different academic fields, including engineering and business. In his free time, Cody Gotchall enjoys listening to the music of Bruce Springsteen, especially because of the social-justice themes present in his lyrics.

One of his most poignant songs is American Skin, which is about the death of unarmed Guinean man Amadou Diallo at the hands of four New York City police officers. The song expresses outrage at the tragedy while also taking an empathetic stance toward the police. American Skin has only become more meaningful in the era of Black Lives Matter.

Youngstown remains one of Springsteen’s most popular songs. At its heart, the song denounces the military industrial complex of the United States and asks what American citizens really need and deserve when they come home from war.

A newer but incredibly moving Springsteen song is We Are Alive. The song takes listeners through a cemetery as various ghosts visit the singer and evoke some of the most meaningful struggles in American history, including the civil rights, labor, and immigration movements.

The Ghost of Tom Joad is one of Springsteen’s most important songs. Released during the economic boom of the 1990s and named after the protagonist of John Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath, the song is a powerful reminder that there are always people living in the margins and these people need an advocate.